Author :Yusra M. Salman
Author:Mohammad S. Mansoor
Dept. of English, Cihan University-Erbil
This paper tries to investigate the areas in which English words are used in
Spoken Iraqi Arabic. It has been noticed that a variety of technical words related to the
computer, internet and mobile phone technology have been borrowed from English and
become part of the language used by Iraqi Arabic speakers, especially computer,
internet and mobile phone users. But these loanwords have been subject to modification
or adaptation to match the morphological – phonological system of spoken Iraqi Arabic.
Consequently, such loanwords are used as if they were Arabic words. The analysis of
the data has indicated that the most important changes in the morphological aspects of
the loanwords occur in number, gender, negation, possession, the definite article and
word-formation. The analysis also reveals that some phonological changes have been
introduced to match the morphological modifications. The paper suggests further
research to cover loanwords which have recently entered Arabic via communication
technology, scientific advancement, modernization and globalization.
Keywords: borrowing, loanwords, global language, language contact, Iraqi Arabic,
Standard Arabic, internet/computer/mobile phone jargon, morphological/phonological
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