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Volume2,No1(2018)

Assessment of Machine Translation Output: A comparative study between Human and Automatic Models

Author:Fereydoon Rasouli Translation Department, College of Arts and Letters,  Cihan University-Erbil DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24086/cuesj.si.2018.n1a9 Abstract In this study, it is attempted to make a comparison between two common methods of evaluation of machine translation (MT) output (Human and Automatic MT evaluation). Materials of the study have been selected from economical texts. ...

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The Dominant Male’s Discourse VS. The Female Subordinate in Utterances from The Arabian Nights, Othello, Donne’s Song, and Webster’s Duchess of Malfi

Author: Ismail M. Fahmi English Department, College of Languages  Salahaddin University-Erbil Author: Lanja A. Dabbagh English Department, College of Languages  Salahaddin University-Erbil DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24086/cuesj.si.2018.n1a8 Abstract There is a number of powerful men who think they are right, simply because they have the privilege to be men. Their post as Kings or ...

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Suffering of Septuagenarians Characters in Not I and That Time

Author: Omar Mustafa Mustafa Ahmed English Department, College of Arts and Letters,  Cihan University-Erbil DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24086/cuesj.si.2018.n1a7 Abstract Beckett’s perception of the isogenic equation between suffering and existence forms the core of his plays and Novels. In all most all his works, Beckett presents Man in an inevitable and determined quest ...

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The Thematic presence of The Waste Land in Sherko Bekas’ Jĭngl

Author: Ismail M. Fahmi English Department, College of Languages  Salahaddin University-Erbil Author: Saman Dizayi Translation Department, College of Arts and Letters,  Cihan University-Erbil DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24086/cuesj.si.2018.n1a6 Abstract This paper investigates the influence of T.S. Eliot’s famous poem The Waste Land on Jingl a poem by Sherko Bekas(1940- 2013) a well-known  Kurdish poet. The paper ...

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Teaching Bilingual Education through Two-Way Immersion

Author:Eugene Kabbe Cihan University-Erbil,Department of English, College of Arts & Letters DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24086/cuesj.si.2018.n1a5 Abstract This paper explores five published articles that report on the benefits of Bilingual Education. Not only the results of studies done through education in the classroom, but also studies done on the brain that indicate that ...

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Image Schemas in Romantic Poetry

Author:Abbas Fadhil Lutfi Cihan University-Erbil,Department of English, College of Arts & Letters DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24086/cuesj.si.2018.n1a4   Abstract This study affords new insights into the meaning construction phenomenon and poetic language. It is a widely held view that the language of poetry and the naturally occurring language represent two different types of ...

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Semantic and Syntactic Realizations of Hedging in Introductions of Written Academic Discourse

Author: Maysa’ A.Mahmood Cihan University-Erbil,Department of English, College of Arts & Letters DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24086/cuesj.si.2018.n1a3 Abstract Hedging plays a crucial role in academic writing style and research articles in particular. It has been proven that hedges fulfil a wide range of both prepositional and interpersonal functions, since they allow writers to ...

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Congruence of Foregrounding in Philip Larkin’s ‘Wants’ (A Stylistic Study)

Author: Wirya Ahmed Ameen English Department, College of Languages, Salahaddin University-Erbil DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24086/cuesj.si.2018.n1a2 Abstract There is no doubt that the true usefulness of the study of style (Stylistics) lies in an effort to demonstrate the relevance of significant description to interpretation. It concentrates on identification and description of formal and ...

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Universalism and Levels of Analysis

Author: Wirya Omar Amin Cihan University-Erbil, Kurdish Academy Professor Emeritus – University of Baghdad DOI: 10.24086/cuesj.si.2018.n1a1 Abstract Any system as complex as human language is bound to lend itself to a variety of independent approaches. At different times different aspects of language have struck peoples and thinkers’ mind. One of ...

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Vol. 2, No. 1, June 2018

Vol. 2, No. 1, June 2018 Cihan University-Erbil Scientific Journal Contents (Articles in English Language) Article Pages Narratology: Applying Simpson’s Modality in Kafka’s The Judgement Mohammed A Kareem, Rozgar Yousif Omar & Aree Ghazi Hussain 91-99 A Syntactic-Semantic Study of Objects in Arabic Abbas Fadhil Lutfi 100-150 Reasoned Decisions as ...

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