Instruction to Contributors

Instruction to Contributors

Cihan University-Erbil Scientific Journal attempts to publish the distinguished genuine academic researches in different fields of knowledge according to the following conditions:

  1. Regulations and traditions of writing academic researches should be taken into consideration in addition to objectivity and the scientific methods.
  2. The research is subject to academic assessment by specialized well known experts from inside and outside Iraq.
  3. The contributions should not be published or considered for publision before and should not be participated in a conference or a workshop before the date of the proposal for publishing. The researcher presents a hand-written commitment about that.
  4. The manuscript is accepted in Kurdish, Arabic, and English and should not exceed 30 pages including the abstract.
  5. Researchers ,whether one or more, present separate hand-written proposals for publishing to the head of board of the journal including the names of the researchers, their academic ranks, addresses, cell phones, place of work, and emails.
  6. Three hard copies with a CD should be submitted to the journal secretariat.
  7. After the title, the name, address, place of work and email of the researcher(s) should be written.
  8. Organization of the research is expected to be as follows:
  9. The manuscript is printed on A4 size paper with 3cm side margins and 3.5cm up and down margins.
  10. The font size should be 16 (bold) for the head title, 14 subtitle (bold), and 12 for the content.
  11. The font type should be “Times New Roman” for English manuscripts, “A_K_Alwand” for Kurdish manuscripts and “Simplified Arabic” for Arabic manuscripts.
  12. An abstract in the language of the manuscript not exceeding 150 words should be presented.
  13. Keywords under the abstract should be provided.
  14. Citation of the references inside the manuscript should be given as follows depending on the number of authors of a reference:
  15. Citing one author: (Surname, year)
  16. Citing two authors: (Surname1 and Surname2, year)
  17. Citing three or more authors: (1st author Surname et al., year)

If two or more references have the same author in the same year then they should be distinguished by lower case letters after the year of publication, e.g.: (Surname, 2010a) & (Surname, 2010b)

  1. References should be arranged in the alphabetical order of the authors surnames at the end of the manuscript as follows:
  2. Book: print

Author/(Year of publication)/Title (this should be in italics)/Edition (if not the first edition)/Place of publication: Publisher

Simons, N. E., Menzies, B. & Matthews, M. (2001) A Short Course in Soil and Rock Slope Engineering. London: Thomas Telford Publishing.

  1. Book: online / electronic

Author /(Year of publication)/Title (this should be in italics) Edition (if not the first edition) Place of publication /Publisher/Available from: URL/[Date of access]

Simons, N. E., Menzies, B. & Matthews, M. (2001) A Short Course in Soil and Rock Slope Engineering. London:Thomas Telford Publishing. Available from: http://www.myilibrary.com?ID=93941 [Accessed 18th June 2015].

  1. Book: chapter in an edited book

Author of the chapter/(Year of publication)/Title of chapter followed by In:/Editor (always put (ed.) after the name)/Title (this should be in italics)/ Edition (if not the first edition)/ Place of publication / Publisher/Page numbers (use ‘p.’ before a single page number and ‘pp.’ where there are multiple pages(

Partridge, H. & Hallam, G. (2007) Evidence-based practice and information literacy. In: Lipu, S., Williamson, K. & Lloyd, A. (eds.) Exploring methods in information literacy research. Wagga Wagga, Australia: Centre for Information Studies, pp. 149–170.

  1. Journal article: print

Author/(Year of publication)/Title of journal article / Title of journal (this should be in italics)/ Volume number/Issue number/Page numbers of the article (do not use ‘p’. before the page numbers(

Chhibber, P. K. & Majumdar, S. K. (1999) Foreign ownership and profitability: Property rights, control, and the performance of firms in Indian industry. Journal of Law & Economics. 42 (1), 209–238.


  1. Journal article: online / electronic

Author/(Year of publication)/Title of journal article/Title of journal (this should be in italics)/Volume number/Issue number/Page numbers of the article (do not use ‘p’. before the page numbers)/Available from: URL or DOI/[Date of access]

Arrami, M. & Garner, H. (2008) A tale of two citations. Nature. 451 (17), 397–399. Available from: http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v451/n7177/full/451397a.html [Accessed 20th January 2015].


Wang, F., Maidment, G., Missenden, J. & Tozer, R. (2007) The novel use of phase change materials in refrigeration plant. Part 1: Experimental investigation. Applied Thermal Engineering. 27 (17), 2893–2901. Available from: doi:10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2005.06.011 [Accessed 15th July 2015].


Read, B. (2008) Anti-cheating crusader vexes some professors. Chronicle of Higher Education. 54 (25). Available from: http://global.factiva.com/ [Accessed 18th June 2015]. Note: articles published online may not have page numbers.

  1. Conference proceeding: individual paper

Author/(Year of publication)/Title of conference paper followed by, In: /Title of conference proceeding (this should be in italics)/Place of publication/Publisher/Page numbers (use ‘p.’ before a single page number and ‘pp.’ where there are multiple pages.

Wittke, M. (2006) Design, construction, supervision and long-term behaviour of tunnels in swelling rock. In: Proceedings of the International Symposium of the International Society for Rock Mechanics, EUROCK 2006, 9–12 May 2006, Liège, Belgium. London, Taylor & Francis. pp. 211–216.

  1. Web page / website

Author /(Year of publication) (if available; if there is no date, use the abbreviation n.d.)/Title (this should be in italics)/Available from: URL/[Date of access]

European Space Agency. (2015) Rosetta: rendezvous with a comet. Available from: http://rosetta.esa.int [Accessed 15th June 2015].



  1. The journal is not responsible for opinions, views, ideas and beliefs mentioned in the researches and they are the researcher’s own concepts.
  2. Every manuscript submitted to the journal is checked for “plagiarism” after submission and before being sent for editorial review.